ukim logo
West London Islamic Centre & Jamia Masjid

Islamic Articles::Worship & Supplication

The Status of the Mosque in Islam

The Prophet in his famous narration said, “There are seven whom God will shade in His Shade on the Day when there is no shade except His Shade: a just ruler; a youth who grew up in the worship of God, the Mighty and Majestic; a man whose heart is attached to the mosques; two men who love each other for God's sake, meeting for that and parting upon that; a man who is called by a woman of beauty and position [for illegal intercourse], but be says: ‘I fear God’, a man who gives in charity and hides it, such that his left hand does not know what his right hand gives in charity; and a man who remembered God in private so much that his eyes shed tears.” (Narrated by Abu Hurairah & collected in Saheeh al-Bukhari)

Do you know the last public place that the Messenger of Allah was seen? He was seen in the Masjid. About 3 days before he passed away, Abu Bakr (RA) was leading the prayer and the Masjid was full with an Ummah of men and women prepared to illuminate the world with their Jihad and da'wah. The Prophet's house opened up to the Masjid and there was a curtain separating his room and the prayer hall. He opened the curtain and saw the congregation and saw Abu Bakr (pbuh) leading the prayer. The Prophet (pbuh) smiled like a moon.

The companions saw him while they were in prayer, and from their happiness, almost lost control of the prayer. The Prophet (pbuh) then drew his curtain and three days later returned to his Lord.

During the life of the Prophet (pbuh) there was a women who used to sweep the Masjid with her hands, picking up the dirt and disposing of it. In the sight of the community her status was not that high, but in the sight of Allah and His Messenger (pbuh) she held a different rank. She passed away one night and the Companions, not wanting to disturb the Prophet (pbuh), washed and buried her without informing him. The next day, the Prophet (pbuh) detected her absence and inquired about her. They told him about her demise and how they did not want to disturb him. The Prophet (pbuh) was not happy at the action they took. He went to her grave and prayed for her there. And we are aware that the Du'a of the Prophet (pbuh) acts a successful intercession by the Will of Allah (swt).

What is a Masjid? Many have misunderstood the role the Masjid plays in the development of the community. In some countries, it is a place where the tribal imam is buried and worshipped. In other places, it is a place that only prayers may be performed therein, absolutely nothing else will be tolerated. And in yet other places, not even prayers are performed in it, so-much-so the country may finally decide to convert it into a museum or tourist attraction.

Dear brother and sister, I would like to introduce you to our friend, the Masjid:

Literally, Masjid means a place of prostration. Technically, Masjid is any clean place on earth, as the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "The earth was made for me a Masjid (i.e. a place to pray), pure." [Sahih Bukhari].However, custom allocated to the word Masjid a specific place, the place where the 5 daily prayers are held. This was done in order to distinguish the Masjid from the Musallah, the place where Eid prayers are held and so forth, as the rules of the Masjid do not apply to it.

Masjid is a word derived from sujood, or prostration. The Masjid, or place of prostration, was such named due the honourable position the sujood holds in Salah. Thus it was not called Marka' derived from Ruku' and so on.The first house of Allah ever built on earth was the Ka'bah. Allah (swt) says: 'Verily, the first House (of worship) appointed for mankind was that at Bakkah (Makkah), full of blessing, and a guidance for Al-Aalameen [Al Qu'r'an 3:96].

And Allah(swt) commanded us to honor and enliven the Masjid with His rememberance: In houses (masajid), which Allah has ordered to be raised, in them His name is glorified in the mornings, and in the evenings. [Al Qur'an 24:36]

Ibn Abbaas, Mujahid, and Al-Hasan commented: The 'houses' are those Masajid that were dedicated to the worship of Allah. And verily, the Masajid light up the earth for the inhabitants of the heavens, just as stars light up the heavens for the inhabitants of the earth.

Everyone wants to build a retirement home to be proud of. Let them listen to this offer. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, "Whoever builds a Masjid, seeking the pleasure of Allah, Allah shall build a house for him in Paradise." [Sahih Bukhari].

He also said, "The most beloved places to Allah on earth are the Masajid, and the most hated places to Allah on earth are the Markets." [Sahih Muslim].The Masjid played a variety of crucial roles in history of Islam. The following is a short synopsis of some of the roles that the Masjid played:

Women, Youth & Children

The Masjid was a place where the youth and children would accompany their parents and grow up under the shade of it's walls. As related in Bukhari, Abu Qataadah narrated that the Messenger of Allah used to pray and carry Umamah the daughter of Zaynab. When he would fall into prostration, he would rest her aside. And when he stood up again, he would again pick her up.

Education

The Masjid was the nucleus of education. Throughout history, the Masjid was the university that taught and from which graduated the great scholars and imams of each era. To name only a few, there was the Masjid of Al-Azhar, Masjid Al-Umawee in Syria, and Masjid Az-Zaytoonah in Tunis.

The Prophet (pbuh) said, "No gathering gathers in a house from the houses of Allah, reciting the book of Allah and teaching it to one another, except that serenity befalls them, Mercy envelops them, the angels surround them and Allah mentions them to (the inhabitants of the heavens)."  [Sahih Muslim]

Organisation

The Masjid is where hundreds of Muslims come, all in straight rows, following the lead of Allahu Akbar, all beginning when the Imam begins, all ending when the Imam ends.

Shelter for the Weak and Travelling

In Masjid An-Nabawi, we know that there was a platform, known as the Suffah. There the poor and the strangers would find shelter and the Messenger of Allah would grant them shares of the collected charity.

Solicialising

The Masjid is where the Muslims would meet one another and socialise. When someone missed a prayer, he was followed up. Relationships were reared, brotherhood and sisterhood was nurtured.

Administration

When important issues and challenges arose, the Prophet (pbuh) would gather the Companions in the Masjid and consult them in the matter. The Masjid was centre for the organisation and administration of all communal affairs.

Charity

The charity would be collected and distributed from the Masjid. It was in the Masjid that the Prophet (pbuh) said, "Give, if only with a half a date."

Serenity

Whenever the Prophet (pbuh) felt sad he would go and pray. And he (pbuh) would say to Bilal, "Relax us with (the prayer) O Bilal."

THE RIGHTS OF THE MASJID

The Masjid is the house of Allah (swt) and it has rights like anything else. Amongst these rights are the following:

Firstly: When someone enters the Masjid, they should pray 2 rakas before sitting down. The Prophet (pbuh) said, "If any of you enters the Masjid, let him not sit down until he prays 2 rakas."

Secondly: No business should take place in the Masjid. The Messenger of Allah said, "Whoever sells in the Masjid, say to them: May Allah not grant success in your sale."

Thirdly: The Masjid must be kept clean and fresh smelling. The Prophet (pbuh) said, "Whoever eats from this tree (i.e. Garlic) should not attend our place of prayer." 

Fourthly: Advice should be given to fellow Muslims. When the Prophet (pbuh) would see someone not praying correctly he would advise them to repeat their prayer and teach them how to pray.

Fifthly: Allah (swt) should be remembered much during one's stay in the Masjid. As Allah (swt) says O ye who believe, remember Allah with much remembrance. [Al Qur'an 33:42.

And finally, Allah (swt) tells us of the kind of people that are recognized as the people of the Masjid. In it are men that love to purify themselves, And Allah loves those who make themselves pure. - Al Qur'an 9:108. 

There is great encouragement in the Sunnah for men to pray in the mosques and the reward associated with it is tremendous. Not only does it make the person eligible for God’s Shade on the day of Judgement, but, “he does not take a step [towards the mosque except that because of it, he is raised by one rank and one sin is removed from him. Then when he prays, the Angels do not cease supplicating for him [for] as long as he remains at his place of Prayer [saying]: O Allah send blessings upon him, O Allah have mercy upon him...” [Sahih Bukhari]

"The mosques of God shall be visited and maintained by such as believe in God and the Last Day, establish regular prayers, and practise regular charity, and fear none (at all) except God. It is they who are expected to be on true guidance" [Al Qur'an 9:18].

The Prophet Muhammed said,"Prayer in congregation is twenty-seven times more superior than praying individually" [Sahih Bukhari & Muslim]

May Allah (swt) not make us from the unfortunate who abandon His House but from amongst the blessed that establish regular attendance of the Masjid and are included amongst those whom Allah (swt) loves.

 


It is narrated on the authority of Jabir that Numan b. Qaufal came to the Holy Prophet (pbuh) and said: 'Would I enter Paradise if I say the obligatory prayers and deny myself that which is forbidden and treat that as lawful what has been made permissible (by the Shariah)'? The Holy Prophet(pbuh) replied in the affirmative.[Sahih Muslim]
advert